Or if it’s in a 10″ pot, put it into a 12″ or 14″ pot. Aging. The types of pests to affect Dieffenbachia are spider mites or mealybugs. Dieffenbachia ‘Compacta’ (in the picture) has more compact growing habit than other varieties. Replant in a new container with the appropriate type of potting mix. Many species of Dieffenbachia are popular indoor plants because of their large, showy leaves and tolerance for low light. its winter now, I thought that they go dormant indoors, but it looks like I have to repot to a larger container. And like I said, they will get leggy much faster without adequate lighting. Dieffenbachia Hilo - Hilo plants have large, pointed, coarse, dark green leaves that have a light green variegation and prominent white veins. Hi Tamme, Your plant is a type of dieffenbachia (like the picture above) which is an extremely poisonous Plants are a great addition to homes and offices, but it’s important to know whether your plants are dangerous to children, pets, or even adults. Every three months, pour water through the potting soil for two to three minutes. If you tend to overwater plants, make sure you grow your dumb cane in a pot that has drainage holes, and never allow it to soak in water. A variety of different dumb cane (dieffenbachia) types. deserves a role in a mystery novel. One excellent tip for getting the best soil consistency for dumb cane plants is to put a layer of pebbles in the base of the pot. how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here, How To Grow Spider Plants: The Ultimate Care Guide, How To Take Care Of A Money Tree Plant (Pachira aquatica), How To Care For A Pothos Plant (Devil’s Ivy), 17 Of The Best Office Plants For Your Workspace, 15 Easy Indoor Plants That Anyone Can Grow, How To Fertilize Houseplants: The Ultimate Guide, Terms Of Use, Disclaimer & Privacy Policy. However, if yours constantly has brown leaves, tips, or edges, then try running a humidifier nearby to see if that fixes the problem. The section above titled “Repotting Dieffenbachia Plants” will give you more details about that. This watering schedule keeps the potting mix around the roots moist, but not overly damp. You can also prune brown leaf tips and edges as necessary, following the natural shape of the leaf. If you struggle with knowing when to water your plants, then I recommend getting a soil moisture gauge. (1, 2), Dieffenbachia plants are also toxic to cats, dogs, and other household pets. Sudden changes in temperature in the room where the plant is located can contribute to such a violation. You can use stems removed from pruning to grow new dumb can plants. Various pests can cause leaves to curl. Cool drafts can cause the plant’s leaves to yellow and curl, so keep it in a spot with temperatures above 60 degrees. There are two bacterial diseases and four fungal diseases that growers most often report in their greenhouse environments. Cultivars of Dieffenbachia maculata. This comprehensive guide will show you exactly how to grow dieffenbachia. AGLAONEMA PROBLEMS CURLING, LIMP, OR DROOPY LEAVES. Types of dumb cane plants such as Dieffenbachia seguine, Dieffenbachia amoena, and Dieffenbachia Camille have attractive variegated creamy-white and green leaves. Also, plenty of light is needed to maintain vigorous growth. The new leaves never open or mature. The best kind of potting mix for dumb canes is a mixture of regular potting soil and perlite. Dumb cane plants generally need medium to bright, indirect sunlight to thrive. Yes, and you should make it part of your normal dieffenbachia care routine. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees through links to Amazon.com. Dieffenbachia ‘Reflector’ (left) and Dieffenbachia ‘Galaxy’ (right). Dieffenbachia amoena includes several cultivars with decorative variegated leaves. Another great thing about easy-to-grow indoor plants like dumb cane is that they can grow just fine without fertilizer. The upper leaves are most affected. Dumb canes can be propagated by either rooting stem cuttings or by division. You can even keep the top and root the stem to grow yourself a new plant (learn how to propagate dieffenbachia in the section below). It’ll make a beautiful complementary piece in your living room when its settled next to a console table, bookshelf, or couch. Here’s how to grow dieffenbachia. That’s why they’re grown more for the beautiful foliage than for the flowers. Rotate the plant every time you water to help prevent it from leaning to one side as its reaching for the the light. Even though Dieffenbachia can grow in low-light conditions, bright light keeps the variegated leaves vibrant. Dieffenbachias come in a number of cultivars with different sizes, colors, and variegation patterns. Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia spp.) However, this non-fussy houseplant adapts well to average room humidity. Yes, the dieffenbachia plant is poisonous. Dieffenbachia plants have various types and cultivars with attractive leaf patterns. As with most tropical houseplants, Dieffenbachia prefers moist soil with good drainage. Dieffenbachia isn’t fussy about the kind of soil you use for planting. Like I said, it can be grown outdoors in your shade garden, but must be protected from cold there too. In winter, household heating tends to cause dry air, so you may have to mist more often. Some signs that your Dieffenbachia is suffering from incorrect watering include: Dieffenbachia thrives in average room temperature—making them the perfect, low-maintenance houseplant. Place the stems into a vase of fresh room-temperature water. And now that you know how to take care of dieffenbachia, you’ll be able to grow these gorgeous houseplants for years to come! Ingesting the plant can cause swelling, burning, and ulcers in the mouth and esophagus. Here’s a great list of some of the most common dumb cane varieties. Dieffenbachia is a hardy plant species that can tolerate some drought. Dumb Cane adds fun color and texture without flowers. SYMPTOMS: Edges of leaves curl inward and form a cup, even when the lights are off. Check it every few weeks by sticking your finger about 1″ into the soil. They can grow to four feet high with a spread of up to two feet. Now, a couple of days later, I see the same rot at the base of another leaf. The number one cause of dieffenbachia houseplant death is overwatering!! The next time you should water the plant is when the top layer of soil is dry. However, if several leaves are yellowing at the same time, or they aren’t the bottom leaves, then something may be wrong. My green thumb comes from my parents, and I've been gardening most of my life. Too much air moisture in cooler temperatures can result in fungal diseases developing. If you notice that the leaf tips start to brown, you should try and increase air moisture. If you don’t have a bright room to grow your dumb cane, then you could add a small grow light to help keep the plant from growing too leggy. Dieffenbachia is the scientific name for the plant, and Dumb Cane is the common name. It’s normal for the bottom leaves to turn yellow, and eventually die and drop off. If the white spots on Dieffenbachia are fluffy or furry, chances are they are mealybugs. The dieffenbachia, or dumbcane, is a vigorously growing, tropical evergreen plant that is often found in the indoor environment. I live and garden in Minneapolis, MN (zone 4b). What to do if Dieffenbachia has small leaves. If you want to learn how to root a dieffenbachia plant, see the details in the section called “Dieffenbachia Propagation Methods”. You can also subscribe without commenting. Likewise, what's wrong with my dumb cane plant? Small white spots on dumb cane leaves could also be calcium from hard water. But don’t prune them during the winter, wait until early spring, otherwise it can trigger weak new growth. Learn all about how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here. Dumb cane plants prefer high humidity—similar to their native tropical regions. To sort these problems, you will have to use a process of elimination. So, even though you water your plant, it could show signs of underwatering. Dieffenbachia maculata ‘Camille’ has yellowish leaves with green margins. Both of these leaves are on the top of my plant, and were the healthiest looking leaves. A buildup of mineral salts can affect leaf growth and cause them to curl and develop brown tips. Is that ok for a dormant so called plant? So many plant woes are caused by extremes in soil moisture, and this is another example. So it can be a difficult balance to give them the perfect amount of light in order to get them to bloom. However, you may find that if you care well for your Dieffenbachia, you don’t have to use any fertilizer. It happens that the leaves of a flower develop disproportionately to the trunk, in a word - they are very small or can curl around the edges. As you’ll see below, almost all problems you’ll have with growing dieffenbachia are caused by either incorrect watering (usually overwatering) or over-fertilizing. If your leaves are curling and start to appear droopy, check your soil. They need the perfect growing conditions in order to flower, and it can be difficult to get it just right in the average home. Dieffenbachia Mars has neon green leaves variegated with dark green patches and splashes. So much so that it reminds me of Dieffenbachia! Check the soil for moisture before watering. Leaf burn around the edges, along with stunted new leaves, can indicate over-fertilization. The key is to keep the soil moist but never soggy, and give the cutting lots of humidity. Pruning is an important part of dieffenbachia care, it helps keep the plant tidy, grow bushier, and look healthier. Curling leaves – Curling dieffenbachia leaves are usually caused by spider mites or other types of pests, but could also be caused by excess fertilizer, under watering, or extreme temperature changes (like cold or … On the other hand, the Maculata variety has oval-shaped leaves, which are glossy and are marked with pale green or almost white-colored spots. It’s vital to regulate humidity in line with the temperature. Some plants in the Dieffenbachia species have large yellowish or creamy leaves with green margins. Required fields are marked *. I have a tropical house plant (90% sure its a Dumb Cane/Dieffenbachia) that went through a bit of trauma about 6 months ago. Just be sure to keep them out of the window so they don’t accidentally get too much sun. See my “Dieffenbachia Pruning Tips” above to learn how to cut back a dieffenbachia. Am I right?! A soapy water spray is also very good for controlling most types of bugs. Then, allow all the excess water to drain. The dumb cane got the name because there is a chemical in the sap that can cause temporary loss of speech if any part of the plant is chewed or eaten. So, either ease up on the watering frequency, change location to a shadier place, or fertilize monthly. Leaves are curled with brown edges — Curled, browning leaves could be caused by … Also, a lack of bright light can affect how fast this houseplant grows. I’ll also show you exactly how to care for a dumb cane plant. Your email address will not be published. Dieffenbachia Snow has dark green leaves variegated with silvery-green and creamy-white speckles. And never repot a sick or ailing plant to try to save it. Some dieffenbachia plants require low filtered light. Look for brown, mushy roots and trim as necessary with clean, sterile equipment. You can buy your dumb cane houseplant online here. Keep your watering practices a little more regular and never let your plant sit in water. Deep, thorough watering allows enough moisture to keep the roots hydrated. It’s a perennial plant and most cultivars have white speckles on the leaves, though not all cultivars have this feature. Simply add some perlite, pumice, or coarse sand to the potting soil to help with drainage. It produces large, thick leaves that are often variegated with stripes or spots. Your email address will not be published. Plus, you can take the cutting and root it to make a new plant! Both! If you’re tired of watching your houseplant suffer to stay alive through the long, dark winter months, then my Winter Houseplant Care eBook is for you! Its striking lush leaves are usually marked in shades of cream, yellow, or white, making dieffenbachia a great addition to any area. Remove excess dirt from the roots and free any tangled ones. If left unpruned, the plant will resemble a palm tree. Hi Tamme, Your plant is a type of dieffenbachia (like the picture above) which is an extremely poisonous Plants are a great addition to homes and offices, but it’s important to know whether your plants are dangerous to children, pets, or even adults. I'm not sure what to do. To be sure, simply slide the plant out of the pot and take a look at the roots. It will allow you monitor the moisture level, and help ensure you’re watering your plant at the right time. Watering less often is better than frequently drenching the potting soil. It’s rare for a healthy dumb cane houseplant to have problems with bugs, but sometimes insect pests like spider mites, thrips or mealybugs can attack the plant. Grows to 22 inches tall. Then place sideways on moist sand or perlite until roots appear. Depending on the cultivar, the thick, large leaves are usually some mixture of green, white, and yellow. Medical reports say that you should never ingest any part of Dieffenbachia plants. However, if you’re a person who tends to give your houseplants TOO much love in the form of water… then you’re better off using a fast draining soil mix for them. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. I’m a passionate gardener who loves growing everything from vegetables, herbs, and flowers to succulents, tropicals, and houseplants - you name, I've grown it! If your leaves are curling and start to appear droopy, check your soil. Simply cut them back all the way down to the main stem. And the word “dumb” is an old slang term that was used to describe someone who can’t talk (it’s mean, I know!). Then allow the excess to drain from the pot before putting it back on the plant tray. You’ll definitely want to dust the cut end with rooting hormone before attempting to root it. Here are my tips for how to prune dieffenbachia…. Instead, they turn brown and remain curled in. See to the “Troubleshooting Common Dieffenbachia Problems” section above for more details. And be sure to use a fast draining soilless mix for rooting cuttings, rather than regular potting soil. Leaves have brown tips — Brown tips on your dieffenbachia's leaves could be caused by uneven watering. Dumb canes can live for many years, and some varieties can grow to be several feet tall, creating a very large floor plants. You don’t need to worry about repotting your dumb cane very often, they really don’t need to be repotted until they become pot-bound. They are sturdy, thick-stemmed plants with colorful, oblong, pointed, glabrous leaves which are generally green and cream colored. Variegated dieffenbachia are even more stunning, and some have bright green or almost white leaves with dark edges. One good indication that it’s time for repotting your dumb cane is if there are roots coming out of the bottom holes. The new foliage should start growing just below the node. 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